Preamble of India

  • WE THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all Its citizens:
  • JUSTICE, Social, economic and political;
  • LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
  • EQUALITY of status and of opportunity and to promote among them all;
  • FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and Integrity of the Nation;
  • IN OUR CONSTITUTION ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND

Constitution India

Part IV A (articles 51 A)

Fundamental Duties

Fundamental Duties-It shall be the duty of every citizen of India:

  • to abide by the constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National flag and the National Anthem;
  • to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
  • to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
  • to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
  • to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce Practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
  • to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
  • to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures;
  • to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
  • to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
  • to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individuals and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement;
  • who is parent or guardian, to provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years;
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B.D Public School - Patna
B.D Public School - Patna
B.D Public School - Patna